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Pacemaker implantation is a procedure required by patients whose heart's conduction system is not working in the way it should. Patients may suffer from an irregular heartbeat or damages to their heart muscle as a result of a heart attack. The pacemaker is a small electrical device in metal used to regulate the heartbeat, that weighs between 20 and 50 g and is inserted under the skin on the chest below the collarbone, near the heart and connected to the heart with leads. The heart is made of 4 chambers, 2 upper chambers that include the right and left atria and 2 lower chambers that include the right and left ventricles.
The blood pumping around the body is performed by the heart chambers and are controlled by electrical signals. These electrical impulses begin in the SA (sinoatrial) node in right atria, causing the atria to contract. The electrical signal then travels to the AV node, an area located between the atria and ventricle, which slowly releases the signal into the ventricle, which then contracts in reaction. The pacemaker replaces the body's natural pacemaker function by regulating the electrical signals and will monitor the heartbeat through sensors to indicate when the pace needs to be adjusted.
Some patients may require a pacemaker only for a limited amount of time, in order to regulate a slow heartbeat after having a heart attack and once recovered, the pacemaker can be removed. Other patients instead will need to use this device permanently. The procedure is performed under a local anesthetic and it takes from one to two hours. The patients will usually be discharged from the hospital the day after the procedure.
Which other Cardiology procedures can I find abroad? The heart is the central focus in cardiology. It has many anatomical features such as the atria, ventricles, and heart valves. Heart related disorders often lead to heart and cardiovascular disease. If this isn't be the cause of many deaths. In fact, cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death.
There are many Cardiology treatments available in high standard and certified hospital all over the world: Cardiology Consultation hospitals abroad Coronary Angioplasty hospitals abroad Pacemaker Implantation hospitals abroad Heart Valve Replacement abroad,
Pacemaker implantation is a procedure performed to implant a pacemaker, which is an electrical device used to regulate the body's heartbeat. A pacemaker is required by patients who have an irregular heartbeat or by patients who have damage to their heart muscle as a result of a heart attack. The heart is comprised of 4 chambers, 2 upper chambers that include the right and left atria and 2 lower chambers that include the right and left ventricles. The heart chambers function to pump blood around the body and are controlled by electrical signals.
The electrical signals begin in the SA (sinoatrial) node in right atria, causing the atria to contract. The electrical signal then travels to the AV node, an area located between the atria and ventricle, which slowly releases the signal into the ventricle, which then contracts. A pacemaker is required when the electrical signals controlling the heart become disrupted. It replaces the body's natural pacemaker by regulating the electrical signals.
The pacemaker will monitor the heartbeat and has sensors to indicate when the heartbeat needs to be adjusted. Some patients may require a pacemaker temporarily to regulate a slow heartbeat after having a heart attack and once recovered, the pacemaker is no longer needed. However, many patients require a permanent pacemaker to regulate their heartbeat. The pacemaker is a small metal device that weighs between 20 and 50g and is implanted under the skin on the chest below the collarbone, near the heart and connected to the heart with leads. There are 3 different types of pacemakers, single-chamber pacemakers, dual-chamber pacemakers, and biventricular pacemakers.
The difference between the pacemakers is how many leads they have connecting the heart to the pacemaker. Single-chamber pacemakers have one lead connecting the pacemaker to either the right atrium or the right ventricle. Dual-chamber pacemakers have two leads connecting the pacemaker to the right atrium and the left ventricle. Biventricular pacemakers have 3 leads connecting the pacemaker to the right and left ventricle and the right atrium.
The procedure is performed under a local anesthetic and patients will usually be discharged from the hospital the day after the procedure. Recommended for Atrial fibrillation Sick sinus syndrome Bradycardia Heart block Time requirements Number of days in hospital 1 - 2 days . Patients will usually require 1 to 2 nights stay in the hospital to monitor their heart rhythm. Average length of stay abroad 3 - 7 days. A pacemaker ways between weighs between 20 and 50g.
Patients will meet with the cardiologist to discuss the pacemaker implantation surgery. The cardiologist will have assessed the patient's medical history and will discuss which type of pacemaker is best for the patient.
Patients should prepare any questions that they may have before the consultation, to ensure that they understand the surgery and to have any concerns they may have, addressed by the cardiologist. It is also advisable to arrange for a friend or family member to be there when discharged, to accompany the patient back to the hotel.,
The patient is administered with a local anesthetic so that they will not feel pain during the surgery. Transvenous implantation is the most commonly used surgical method to implant a pacemaker. The surgeon will begin by making a 5 to 6 cm incision in the upper chest, below the collarbone near the heart to access a vein, through which, the 2 leads are inserted into the heart (the amount of leads used depends on type of pacemaker being used).
A small pocket is then created in the skin where the pacemaker is inserted. The leads are then connected to the pacemaker and the pacemaker is tested to ensure it functions correctly. The incision site is then closed with sutures. Anesthesia Local anesthetic Procedure duration The Pacemaker Implantation takes 1 to 2 hours. The pacemaker is inserted beneath the skin under the collarbone and connected to the heart with leads.,
Post procedure care After the surgery, the patient's heart rhythm will be closely monitored and a chest X-ray will be taken to ensure that the lungs are functioning correctly and that the pacemaker is correctly in position.
Before being discharged from the hospital, patients will be issued with a card that states the make and model of the pacemaker they have been fitted with, and this card should always be carried by the patient.
Possible discomfort Patients may experience pain and discomfort in the first 48 hours after the surgery, however the doctor will likely prescribe pain medication to help ease pain.,