One of the most common cancer is Lung Cancer whose major risk factor is Smoking. Although, not always smoking is the cause of Lung cancer, but yes active smoking or a history of smoking is one of the major causes of this cancer. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important to prevent any case fatality.
Screening is very important for people who are at risk of developing Lung Cancer. If you are an active smoker or have had quit smoking in recent past 15 years you are advised to get your Lung Cancer Screening done regularly. However, if you have any symptoms of Lung cancer and you are a smoker too, it is advised to talk to your healthcare professional on time.
Lung cancer begins in the lungs and doesn't show any signs and symptoms usually in the early stages. The signs and symptoms that could be seen are similar to respiratory diseases so it is advised to get screening done as soon as you feel any of the signs or symptoms. The signs and symptoms are –
Lung cancer can start and include any part of the lung, it may metastasize and can cause fatality. So, if you see any of the signs and symptoms you must contact your healthcare provider on time.
There are many factors that can affect the costs
There are two types of lung cancers – Small lung cancer and Nonsmall lung cancer. However, small lung cancer is most common. When you are diagnosed with lung cancer based on your symptoms and history, you are advised with various tests to see the spread of cancer from lungs to lymph nodes to various parts of the body.
Treatment is carried out by a team that includes a specialist from various departments of the medical fraternity. They would do diagnosis, identify the type of cancer, the size, whether it is metastasized or not keeping in mind your overall health the treatment is planned.
There are few tests conducted to look for cancer cells and to identify Lung Cancer. Few important tests conducted are as follows -
X-ray and CT Scan – X-ray is important as it would reveal any abnormality in the lungs. Ct scan is done to look up for more small or advanced lesions not visible in X-ray thus would help in getting detailed images of lungs.
Sputum test – Sputum present in cough help in ruling out the presence of cancer cells.
PET – CT scan – This test is done to see the active cancer cells present. This test takes from 30 minutes to an hour.
Biopsy – In this, a small sample of cells is removed and it is done to look for the more advanced lesion.
Treatment depends on various factors and your team of doctor decide your line of treatment based on the diagnosis, investigations conducted along with your overall health status.
Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy prevents the growth of cancer cells. It is done before or after surgery. Before surgery, it is done to destroy the cancer cells and after surgery to destroy the cancer cells that survived the treatment. It might include 1 drug or a combination of the drug. It consists of a specific cycle of treatment for a particular set of times.
Drugs therapy- Certain combinations of drugs are used with Radiation and Chemotherapy to treat cancer. Drugs are given orally or intravenously as required.
Radiation therapy- This is done to destroy the cancer cells from outside the body. In this high energy X rays are used in which a specific number of treatment is given for a particular period.
Surgery – Overgrown cells in the form of tumors in the lungs and the lymph nodes are surgically removed. Depending on the diagnosis and type of cancer either the entire lung needs to be removed or the tumor along with healthy margins is removed.
Target therapy – This treatment prevents the growth and spread of cancer cells and prevents the damage of healthy cells.
Recovery depends on your overall health, type of cancer, age, and various others factors. If surgery is done it would take from 2 months to more to fully recover. After surgery body needs proper time and care to heal. You must avoid tasks that could exert you physically. You must always follow your doctor's advice regarding resuming your daily tasks and work life. Your recovery would take time, you must follow your doctor's advice regarding all the precautions and regular checkups.
With proper treatment, you could recover from lung cancer but according to NCI half of the people who are diagnosed and treated for lung cancer live for 5 years or longer. Once proper diagnosis, treatment, precautions, and follow-ups are done properly, more people survive for long.
Following are the best 10 hospitals for Lung Cancer Treatment in the world:
|1||BLK-MAX Super Specialty Hospital||India||New Delhi||---|
|3||Medipol Mega University Hospital||Turkey||Istanbul||---|
|4||Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai||India||Chennai||---|
|5||Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (Ichilo...||Israel||Tel Aviv||---|
|6||Global Hospital Perumbakkam||India||Chennai||---|
|7||Premier Medica||Russian Federation||Moscow||---|
|8||Hospital San Jose Tecnologico de Monterr...||Mexico||Monterrey||---|
|9||Apollo Specialty Hospital Bangalore||India||Bangalore||---|
Following are the best doctors for Lung Cancer Treatment in the world:
|1||Dr. Rajeev Bedi||Haemato Oncologist||Fortis Hospital Mohali|
|2||Dr. Sandeep Batra||Medical Oncologist||Max Super Specialty Hospi...|
|3||Dr. Rakesh Chopra||Medical Oncologist||Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dha...|
|4||Dr. Amit Agarwal||Medical Oncologist||BLK-MAX Super Specialty H...|
|5||Dr. Deni Gupta||Medical Oncologist||Dharamshila Narayana Supe...|
|6||Dr. Boman Dhabar||Medical Oncologist||Fortis Hospital Mulund|
|7||Dr. K. R. Gopi||Medical Oncologist||Global Hospital Perumbakk...|
|8||Dr. Boman Dhabar||Medical Oncologist||Fortis Hospital Mulund|
When the cells grow abnormally it is called cancer. Abnormal growth of cells in the lungs is called lung cancer. The cancer develops in the lungs and may spread to other organs or lymph.
Lung cancer may be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy, stereotactic body radiotherapy, immunotherapy, palliative care. The treatment advised depends upon the type of lung cancer and how far the cancer has spread.
The following factors increases the chances of lung cancer -
Avoiding avoidable risk factors such as smoking, passive smoking, dietary supplements can help lower the risk of lung cancer.
Following diagnostic tests are recommended to look for cancerous cells in the lungs –
Surgical procedures to treat lung cancer are –
Common symptoms of lung cancer are –
There are 3 stages of lung cancer –
Lung cancer treatment cost in India starts from $3,000.
In people with lung cancer, respiratory failure is the major cause of lung cancer death.
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The information on this page was reviewed and approved by Mozocare team. This page was updated on 03 Apr, 2022.