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Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant (Living Related Donor) treatments abroad,

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spine just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of a fist. Their main function is to filter and remove waste, minerals, and fluid from the blood by producing urine.

When your kidneys lose this filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste accumulate in your body, which can raise your blood pressure and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease). The end-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function normally.

Common causes of end-stage kidney disease include:

  • Diabetes
  • Chronic, uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis — an inflammation and eventual scarring of the tiny filters within your kidneys (glomeruli)
  • Polycystic kidney disease

People with end-stage renal disease need to have waste removed from their bloodstream via a machine (dialysis) or a kidney transplant to stay alive.

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Kidney transplant is a surgery aimed at the replacement of a kidney (or both) from a living or deceased donor to a patient with a chronic renal disease. The kidneys are a natural filter of the human body as their main aim is to remove the waste substances from our blood. When for some pathologies they lose this ability, it means that the patient is suffering from a kidney failure.

The only two options to treat a kidney failure, or end-stage kidney disease, is to have dialysis or to have a kidney transplant. As it is possible to live with only one kidney, one healthy kidney will be sufficient to replace both failed kidneys and guarantee a healthy recovery for the patient. The transplanted kidney could be either of a compatible living donor or a deceased donor. Recommended for Patients suffering from kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease Time requirements Number of days in hospital 5 - 10 days Average length of stay abroad Minimum 1 week. Time off work Minimum 2 weeks. 

The patient will need to undergo to all the necessary exams to define if he is compatible with the living donor or deceased kidney donor.

The hair on chest and abdomen will be shaved and a laxative and blood transfusion could be administered.,

After the patient will be totally numb and asleep, the surgeon will place the donor kidney in the lower abdomen in order to be connected to the iliac artery and vein of the receiver.

After this, the bladder and ureter will be added and a small catheter could be inserted in order to drain a possible excess of fluid created during the surgery. Anesthesia A general anesthesia is necessary.

Procedure duration Circa 3 hours. A specialized medical team is necessary for this procedure,

Post procedure care After the surgery the patient will usually spend 1 or 2 days in an intensive care unit before being transferred to the ward. With a living donor kidney, patients can usually stop dialysis after the surgery as the kidney functions straight away. With donor kidneys from a diseases patient it can take longer for the kidney to function normally.

Kidney transplant patients need to take immunosuppressors. These drugs weaken the body's immune system, to prevent the immune system from attacking the new kidney. As a result, patients are more vulnerable to infections and other diseases, and must take extra precautions to stay healthy.

Possible discomfort Pain in the abdomen and back, but medication will be provided to relieve the pain To help to keep the lungs clear, the patient could be asked to cough A catheter to drain the urine from the bladder will be inserted, and this could create the constat feeling of need to urinate, but is not permanent The drain inserted during the surgery might stay in fro 5 to 10 days and then has to be removed,

Kidney Transplant FAQs

The average recovery period is around 14 days. However, precautions must be followed post transplantation for the rest of the life. Avoid playing contact sports as the kidney area may get hit but you can do other physical activity to keep yourself fit.

The doctor and the hospital will assist you at all the stages. You must follow the precautions and medications. Do the required visits. If you face any issue while preparing for the transplant, inform your doctor as soon as possible. The most important is to prepare yourself mentally for the transplant. Avoid Smoking and Alcohol and get follow the recommended diet.

Kidney Transplant is safe but do have some risks with it. In any major surgery risk is always involved. Some of the risks can be easily avoided by following the precautions and medications.

The chances are very low, such low that it is negligible. If measured in percentage, it stands around 0.01% to 0.04%. However, there is no guarantee that donor will not get any last stage kidney disease.

There is always a chance that your body may reject the donor’s kidney, however now a days the rejection chances are much lower. The innovation in medicine field has brought down the rejection chances. The rejection risk varies from body to body and many of them can be controlled through medications.

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