Esophageal Cancer Treatment Abroad
What is esophageal cancer?
The esophagus is a tube-shaped section of tissue and muscle which acts as a funnel between the throat and the stomach. It allows food and liquid to travel from the mouth into the stomach is made up of a number of layers. The main two layers are the mucosa, or inner layer, and the submucosa, which is a muscular outer layer. Esophageal cancer, which is often referred to simply as throat cancer, tends to begin in the mucosa before spreading to the outer layers.
There are two different types of cells in the esophagus and as such esophageal cancer can be divided into two categories: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cells can be found throughout the esophagus, squamous cell carcinomas account for around 50% of all esophageal cancer cases. Adenocarcinomas, on the other hand, occur when the gland cells in the esophagus become cancerous. These calls are found in the inner layer. For an adenocarcinoma to develop the gland cells must replace the squamous cells, which is caused by a mutation in the cell. There is no hard proof of what exactly causes esophageal cancer but there are certainly a number of risk factors. T
he use of tobacco products has been highlighted as a major risk factor which makes the chances of contracting esophageal cancer much higher, as does excessive consumption of alcohol. A condition known as barrett's esophagus also increases the level of risk. This happens when acid produced in the stomach to digest food is pushed into the lower esophagus due to a reflux, which causes the squamous cells to be replaced by gland cells and potentially form adenocarcinomas. Other lifestyle factors may also be risk factors, such as diet and obesity.
Esophageal cancer carries a number of early symptoms such as difficulty swallowing (without improvement over time), chest pain, unexplained weight loss and chronic cough. While these symptoms can be caused by a whole range of other issues, if they persist over time you should bested for esophageal cancer.
How can I find esophageal cancer treatment abroad?
Depending on the stage and type of esophageal cancer there are range of treatment pathways open. If the cancer is at a more advanced stage then chemotherapy or radiotherapy are offered, and sometimes of combination of the two. Chemotherapy use a selection of anticancer drugs to target the cancer cells and stop them multiplying. Radiotherapy, on the other hand, attacks cancer cells using a high-intensity beam of radiation.
Surgery is another common treatment for esophageal cancer. Early stage cancer can be treated by removing a section of the esophagus or just some of the lining, but for bigger tumours or advanced stage cancers the entire esophagus may have to be removed. Treatment for esophageal cancer can be found at quality hospitals and clinics around the world. Chemotherapy for Esophageal Cancer Abroad Radiotherapy for Esophageal Cancer Abroad Esophageal Cancer Surgery Abroad,
There are many factors that can affect the costs
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Following are the best 10 hospitals for Esophageal Cancer Treatment in the world:
|1||BLK-MAX Super Specialty Hospital||India||New Delhi||---|
|3||Medipol Mega University Hospital||Turkey||Istanbul||---|
|4||NMC Specialty Hospital Dubai||United Arab Emirates||Dubai||---|
|5||HELIOS Hospital Munich-West||Germany||Munich||---|
|6||Muro General Hospital||Spain||Mallorca||---|
|7||Apollo Hospital Bangalore||India||Bangalore||---|
|9||Netcare Linksfield Hospital||South Africa||Johannesburg||---|
|10||American Heart of Poland||Poland||Bielsko-Biała||---|
Following are the best doctors for Esophageal Cancer Treatment in the world:
|1||Dr. K. M. Parthasarthy||Medical Oncologist||Aakash Hospital|
|2||Dr. K. R. Gopi||Medical Oncologist||Metro Hospital and Heart...|
|3||Dr. Kapil Kumar||Surgical Oncologist||AsmaSeir Hospital|
|4||Dr. Haresh Manglani||Surgical Oncologist||Fortis Hospital Mulund|
|5||Dr. Aruna Chandrasekhran||Surgical Oncologist||Metro Hospital and Heart...|
Esophagus is also called food pipe. When there is abnormal growth of cells in the esophageal tissues it results in esophageal cancer.
The cause of esophageal cancer is not known. However, certain factors given below increases the chances of esophageal cancer. • Male gender • Tobacco use • Old age • Alcohol consumption • Ethnicity • Human papilloma virus • Barrett’s esophagus and chronic acid reflux • History of cancer of neck and head • Exposure to certain chemicals
The cancer shows no symptoms when at early stage. As the disease advances following symptoms are observed – • Pain in throat • Pain between the shoulders • Vomiting or coughing up blood • Weight loss • Chronic cough
After a physical examination following diagnostic tests are recommended – • Esophagoscopy • Biopsy • Barium swallow • Computed tomography • Esophageal endoscopic ultrasound
Treatment options for esophageal cancer are – • Radiation therapy • Chemotherapy • Surgery • Endoscopic submucosal dissection • Endoscopic laser therapy • Photodynamic therapy
Unfortunately, esophageal cancer cannot be prevented. One may control the risk factors to reduce the chances of occurrence of disease.
Surgery is the best treatment for esophageal cancer. Surgery is done alone or may be combined other therapies. Surgical procedures are done to remove the part of esophagus.
Infection, bleeding and leakage from the site are some of the risks associated with esophageal cancer surgery.
Esophageal cancer treatment cost starts from $5000. (Cost may vary depending on the hospital or country you choose)
Doctors in India are highly known for oncology treatments, to help you with finding the best doctor, kindly reach out to our patient care team.
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The information on this page was reviewed and approved by Mozocare team. This page was updated on 03 Apr, 2022.