Medical Diagnostic Center are playing a critical role these days in the industry. A medical laboratory is a Place where tests are done on clinical specimens (such blood, urine, stool, semen, bone-marrow, and several other body fluids) to obtain information about patient’s health for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. To Start or Set up a medical lab, you need to have some necessary and advance equipment like ABG machine / Blood gas analyzer, Cell counter / Hematology analyzer, Biochemistry analyzer, Electrolyte Analyzer, Urine analyzer, ESR Analyzer, Etc. and for Imaging include X-Ray, CR System, Ultrasound, CT, MRI, Bone-densitometer, mammograph, Etc
ABG Analyzers used to measure blood gas, pH, electrolytes, and some metabolites in whole blood specimens. They can measure pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide and oxygen, and concentrations of many ions (sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate) and metabolites (calcium, magnesium, glucose, lactate). They are also used to determine abnormal metabolite and/or electrolyte levels in blood and the patient’s acid-base balance and levels of oxygen/carbon dioxide exchange.
The Clinical Biochemistry Analyzer is an instrument that uses the pale yellow supernatant portion (serum) of centrifuged blood sample or a urine sample, and induces reactions using reagents to measure various components, such as sugar, cholesterol, protein, enzyme, etc.
A centrifuge is a laboratory device that is used for the separation of fluids, gas or liquid, based on density. Separation is achieved by spinning a vessel containing material at high speed; the centrifugal force pushes heavier materials to the outside of the vessel.
Electrolyte analyzer is a completely automated, microprocessor-controlled electrolyte system that uses ISE (Ion Selective Electrode) technology to make electrolyte measurements. The EasyLyte product line measures combinations of Na+, K+, Cl–, Li+, Ca++, and pH in whole blood, serum, plasma, or urine.
A urine analyser is a device used in the clinical setting to perform automatic urine testing. The units can detect and quantify a number of analytes including bilirubin, protein, glucose and red blood cells.
ELISA Plate Reader / Microplate Readers / Assay Readers. Microplate readers detect and process biological and chemical data using absorbance (ELISAs, enzyme activity, and nucleic acid and protein quantification), luminescence, and fluorescence detection modes, including intensity, TRF, and polarization.
Laboratory analyzers used to identify and quantify specific substances, typically using an antibody (e.g., immunoglobulin) as a reagent to detect the substance (i.e., antigen, hapten) of interest. These analyzers typically include an autosampler, a reagent dispenser, a washer, and a detection system.
Hot air ovens are electrical devices which use dry heat to sterilize. They were originally developed by Pasteur. Generally, they use a thermostat to control the temperature. Their double walled insulation keeps the heat in and conserves energy, the inner layer being a poor conductor and outer layer being metallic.
X–rays are highly penetrating, ionizing radiation, therefore X–ray machines are used to take pictures of dense tissues such as bones and teeth. This is because bones absorb the radiation more than the less dense soft tissue. X–rays from a source pass through the body and onto a photographic cassette.
A computerized tomography scan (CT or CAT scan) uses computers and rotating X-ray machines to create cross-sectional images of the body. These images provide more detailed information than normal X-ray images. They can show the soft tissues, blood vessels, and bones in various parts of the body.
An ultrasound machine makes images so that organs inside the body can be examined. The machine sends out high-frequency sound waves, which reflect off body structures. A computer receives the waves and uses them to create a picture. Unlike with an x-ray or CT scan, this test does not use ionizing radiation.
Bone densitometry, also called dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, DEXA or DXA, uses a very small dose of ionizing radiation to produce pictures of the inside of the body (usually the lower (or lumbar) spine and hips) to measure bone loss.
A mammogram uses a machine designed to look only at breast tissue. The machine takes x-rays at lower doses than usual x-rays. Because these x-rays don’t go through tissue easily, the machine has 2 plates that compress or flatten the breast to spread the tissue apart.
The thermal cycler (also known as a thermocycler, PCR machine or DNA amplifier) is a laboratory apparatus most commonly used to amplify segments of DNA via the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The device has a thermal block with holes where tubes holding the reaction mixtures can be inserted.
Robotic liquid handling technology in automated DNA extraction systems can streamline the tasks involved in extracting DNA from a sample, such as serial dilution and cherry picking. Systems typically also include functions such as shaking, temperature control, and PCR protocols.
A molecular machine, nanite, or nanomachine, is a molecular component that produces quasi-mechanical movements (output) in response to specific stimuli (input). In biology, macromolecular machines frequently perform tasks essential for life such as DNA replication and ATP synthesis.