Kidney Transplant In India

Kidney Transplant Cost In India

What Is A Kidney Transplant?

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spine just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of a fist. Their main function is to filter and remove waste, minerals, and fluid from the blood by producing urine.

When your kidneys lose this filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste accumulate in your body, which can raise your blood pressure and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease). The end-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function normally.

Common causes of end-stage kidney disease include:

  • Diabetes
  • Chronic, uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis — an inflammation and eventual scarring of the tiny filters within your kidneys (glomeruli)
  • Polycystic kidney disease

People with end-stage renal disease need to have waste removed from their bloodstream via a machine (dialysis) or a kidney transplant to stay alive.

Types Of Kidney Transplant

Why Is Kidney Transplant Done?

A kidney transplant is often the treatment of choice for kidney failure, compared with a lifetime on dialysis. A kidney transplant can treat chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease to help you feel better and live longer.

Compared with dialysis, kidney transplant is associated with:

  • Better quality of life
  • Lower risk of death
  • Fewer dietary restrictions
  • Lower treatment cost

Some people may also benefit from receiving a kidney transplant before needing to go on dialysis, a procedure known as a preemptive kidney transplant.

But for certain people with kidney failure, a kidney transplant may be riskier than dialysis. Conditions that may prevent you from being eligible for a kidney transplant to include:

  • Advanced age
  • Severe heart disease
  • Active or recently treated cancer
  • Dementia or poorly controlled mental illness
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Any other factor that could affect the ability to safely undergo the procedure and take the medications needed after a transplant to prevent organ rejection

Only one donated kidney is needed to replace two failed kidneys, making living-donor kidney transplantation an option.

If a compatible living donor isn’t available, your name may be placed on a kidney transplant waiting list to receive a kidney from a deceased donor.

How long you have to wait for a deceased donor organ depends on the degree of matching or compatibility between you and the donor, time on dialysis and on the transplant waitlist, and expected survival post-transplant. Some people get a match within several months, and others may wait several years.

Risks

Kidney transplantation can treat advanced kidney disease and kidney failure, but it is not a cure. Some forms of kidney disease may return after transplant.

The health risks associated with kidney transplants include those associated directly with the surgery itself, rejection of the donor organ and side effects of taking medications (anti-rejection or immunosuppressants) needed to prevent your body from rejecting the donated kidney.

Deciding whether a kidney transplant is right for you is a personal decision that deserves careful thought and consideration of the serious risks and benefits. Talk through your decision with your friends, family, and other trusted advisors.

Complications of the procedure

Kidney transplant surgery carries a risk of significant complications, including:

  • Blood clots and bleeding
  • Leaking from or blockage of the tube (ureter) that links the kidney to the bladder
  • Infection
  • Failure or rejection of the donated kidney
  • An infection or cancer that can be transmitted with the donated kidney
  • Death, heart attack and stroke

Anti-rejection medication side effects

After a kidney transplant, you’ll take medications to help prevent your body from rejecting the donor’s kidney. These medications can cause a variety of side effects, including:

  • Bone thinning (osteoporosis) and bone damage (osteonecrosis)
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive hair growth or hair loss
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol

Other side effects may include:

  • Increased risk of cancer, particularly skin cancer and lymphoma
  • Infection
  • Puffiness (edema)
  • Weight gain
  • Acne

How You Prepare?

Choosing a transplant center

If your doctor recommends a kidney transplant, you’ll be referred to a transplant center. You’re also free to select a transplant center on your own or choose a center from your insurance company’s list of preferred providers.

When you consider transplant centers, you may want to:

  • Learn about the number and type of transplants the center performs each year
  • Ask about the transplant center’s kidney transplant survival rates
  • Compare transplant center statistics through the database maintained by the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients
  • Find out if the center offers different donation programs that might increase your chances of receiving a living-donor kidney

You may also consider:

  • Costs that will be incurred before, during and after your transplant. Costs will include tests, organ procurement, surgery, hospital stays, and transportation to and from the center for the procedure and follow-up appointments.
  • Other services provided by the transplant center, such as support groups, travel arrangements, local housing for your recovery period and referrals to other resources.
  • The center’s commitment to keeping up with the latest transplant technology and techniques, which indicates that the program is growing.

Evaluation

After you’ve selected a transplant center, you’ll be evaluated to determine whether you meet the center’s eligibility requirements for a kidney transplant.

The team at the transplant center will assess whether you:

  • Are healthy enough to have surgery and tolerate lifelong post-transplant medications
  • Have any medical conditions that would interfere with transplant success
  • Are willing and able to take medications as directed and follow the suggestions of the transplant team

The evaluation process may take several days and includes:

  • A thorough physical exam
  • Imaging studies, such as X-ray, MRI or CT scans
  • Blood tests
  • Psychological evaluation
  • Any other necessary testing as determined by your doctor

After your evaluation, your transplant team will discuss the results with you and tell you whether you’ve been accepted as a kidney transplant candidate. Each transplant center has its own eligibility criteria. If you aren’t accepted at one transplant center, you may apply to others.

What You Can Expect?

Before the procedure

Finding a match

A kidney donor can be living or deceased, related or unrelated to you. Your transplant team will consider several factors when evaluating whether a donor kidney will be a good match for you.

Tests to determine whether a donated kidney may be suitable for you include:

  • Blood typing. It’s preferable to get a kidney from a donor whose blood type matches or is compatible with your own. Blood-type incompatible transplants are also possible but require additional medical treatment before and after transplant to reduce the risk of organ rejection. These are known as ABO-incompatible kidney transplants.
  • Tissue typing. If your blood type is compatible, the next step is a tissue typing test called human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing. This test compares genetic markers that increase the likelihood the transplanted kidney will last a long time. A good match means it’s less likely that your body will reject the organ.
  • Crossmatch. The third and final matching test involves mixing a small sample of your blood with the donor’s blood in the lab. The test determines whether antibodies in your blood will react against specific antigens in the donor’s blood. A negative crossmatch means they are compatible and your body isn’t as likely to reject the donor’s kidney. Positive crossmatch kidney transplants also are possible but require additional medical treatment before and after the transplant to reduce the risk of your antibodies reacting to the donor organ.

Additional factors your transplant team may consider in finding the most appropriate donor kidney for you include matching age, kidney size, and infection exposure.

What Is The Cost Of Kidney Transplant In India?

Kidney Transplant Cost In India ranges from $15000 to $20000.  It may vary to some extent depending on the complexity of the treatment. Kidney Transplant In India costs far less in comparison to other developed countries. If you talk about the US, then Heart Transplant Cost in India is about one-tenth of the total expenses carried out in the US. The cost of a heart transplant determined in India is inclusive of all your medical tourism costs. It includes:

  • Diagnosis and Examination.
  • Rehabilitation.
  • Visa and Travelling Cost.
  • Food and Accommodation.
  • Miscellaneous Expenses.

Reference: Mayoclinic

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5 thoughts on “Kidney Transplant Cost In India

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