A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spine just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of a fist. Their main function is to filter and remove waste, minerals, and fluid from the blood by producing urine.
When your kidneys lose this filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste accumulate in your body, which can raise your blood pressure and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease). The end-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function normally.
Common causes of end-stage kidney disease include:
People with end-stage renal disease need to have waste removed from their bloodstream via a machine (dialysis) or a kidney transplant to stay alive.
A kidney transplant is often the treatment of choice for kidney failure, compared with a lifetime on dialysis. A kidney transplant can treat chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease to help you feel better and live longer.
Compared with dialysis, kidney transplant is associated with:
Some people may also benefit from receiving a kidney transplant before needing to go on dialysis, a procedure known as a preemptive kidney transplant.
But for certain people with kidney failure, a kidney transplant may be riskier than dialysis. Conditions that may prevent you from being eligible for a kidney transplant to include:
Only one donated kidney is needed to replace two failed kidneys, making living-donor kidney transplantation an option.
If a compatible living donor isn’t available, your name may be placed on a kidney transplant waiting list to receive a kidney from a deceased donor.
How long you have to wait for a deceased donor organ depends on the degree of matching or compatibility between you and the donor, time on dialysis and on the transplant waitlist, and expected survival post-transplant. Some people get a match within several months, and others may wait several years.
Kidney transplantation can treat advanced kidney disease and kidney failure, but it is not a cure. Some forms of kidney disease may return after transplant.
The health risks associated with kidney transplants include those associated directly with the surgery itself, rejection of the donor organ and side effects of taking medications (anti-rejection or immunosuppressants) needed to prevent your body from rejecting the donated kidney.
Deciding whether a kidney transplant is right for you is a personal decision that deserves careful thought and consideration of the serious risks and benefits. Talk through your decision with your friends, family, and other trusted advisors.
Kidney transplant surgery carries a risk of significant complications, including:
After a kidney transplant, you’ll take medications to help prevent your body from rejecting the donor’s kidney. These medications can cause a variety of side effects, including:
Other side effects may include:
Choosing a transplant center
If your doctor recommends a kidney transplant, you’ll be referred to a transplant center. You’re also free to select a transplant center on your own or choose a center from your insurance company’s list of preferred providers.
When you consider transplant centers, you may want to:
You may also consider:
After you’ve selected a transplant center, you’ll be evaluated to determine whether you meet the center’s eligibility requirements for a kidney transplant.
The team at the transplant center will assess whether you:
The evaluation process may take several days and includes:
After your evaluation, your transplant team will discuss the results with you and tell you whether you’ve been accepted as a kidney transplant candidate. Each transplant center has its own eligibility criteria. If you aren’t accepted at one transplant center, you may apply to others.
Before the procedure
Finding a match
A kidney donor can be living or deceased, related or unrelated to you. Your transplant team will consider several factors when evaluating whether a donor kidney will be a good match for you.
Tests to determine whether a donated kidney may be suitable for you include:
Additional factors your transplant team may consider in finding the most appropriate donor kidney for you include matching age, kidney size, and infection exposure.
Kidney Transplant Cost In India ranges from $15000 to $20000. It may vary to some extent depending on the complexity of the treatment. Kidney Transplant In India costs far less in comparison to other developed countries. If you talk about the US, then Heart Transplant Cost in India is about one-tenth of the total expenses carried out in the US. The cost of a heart transplant determined in India is inclusive of all your medical tourism costs. It includes: