A bloodborne C virus is the cause for Hepatitis C disease. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) leads to acute or/and chronic hepatitis that can range from mild illness which can last up to few weeks or severe that are lifelong. The acute hepatitis does not form life-threatening disease. The chronic hepatitis possesses risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Hepatitis C Virus can be transmitted through:
Infected mother to her baby (they are less common).
Hepatitis C does not show symptoms at early stages hence most people not even know that they are infected. With time, the disease starts showing symptoms such as fever, fatigue, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, joint pain and jaundice.
World Health Organization estimated that approximately 399,000 people died in 2016 form hepatitis C, mostly from cirrhosis and primary liver cancer.
There are many reasons for such a huge number of deaths. The most common is that many patients are not aware about the disease and its treatment. When the patient does not get treated then the HCV can lead to life threatening complications. Around 10%-20% of patients may develop Cirrhosis over 20-30 years. The untreated HCV can also cause problems beyond the liver.
The best way to avoid all these complications is getting the HCV treated. Treatment for hepatitis is now more accessible for the patients.
The first step begins with screening, anyone having a high risk or is on high risk should get himself/herself diagnosed regardless of any symptoms. Screening and diagnosing are the key to cure. If the results are positive for Hepatitis C, the person must get it treated as soon as possible. There are various options available for the Hepatitis C treatment. Studies have proven that the medicines for the hepatitis C provide high cure rates.
Hepatitis C is life-threatening and treating it will pull out you from the risk and complications.