liver transplant

Get Your Liver Healthy Again

What is the Liver?


The liver is a large, meaty organ that sits on the right side of the belly. Weighing about 3 pounds, the organ is reddish-brown in color and feels rubbery to the touch. Normally you can’t feel it, because it’s protected by the rib cage.
The liver has two large sections, called the right and the left lobes. The gallbladder sits under the organ, along with parts of the pancreas and intestines. The liver and these organs work together to digest, absorb, and process food.

What are the Functions of the Liver?


The liver’s main job is to filter the blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing it to the rest of the body. The organ also detoxifies chemicals and metabolizes drugs. As it does so, the liver secretes bile that ends up back in the intestines. It also makes proteins important for blood clotting and other functions.

What Are The Most Common Liver Related Diseases?

Infections

Related to Liver

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C

Immune system abnormality
Diseases in which your immune system attacks certain parts of your body (autoimmune) can affect your liver. Examples of autoimmune diseases include:

  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Primary biliary cholangitis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis

Genetics

An abnormal gene inherited from one or both of your parents can cause various substances to build up in your liver, resulting in damage. Genetic liver diseases include:

  • Hemochromatosis
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

Cancer 

  • Liver cancer
  • Bile duct cancer
  • Liver adenoma

Tips to Make Your Liver Healthy

  • Drink alcohol in moderation. For healthy adults, that means up to one drink a day for women and up to two drinks a day for men. Heavy or high-risk drinking is defined as more than eight drinks a week for women and more than 15 drinks a week for men.
  • Avoid risky behavior. Use a condom during sex. If you choose to have tattoos or body piercings, be picky about cleanliness and safety when selecting a shop. Seek help if you use illicit intravenous drugs, and don’t share needles to inject drugs.
  • Get vaccinated. If you’re at increased risk of contracting hepatitis or if you’ve already been infected with any form of the hepatitis virus, talk to your doctor about getting the hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines.
  • Use medications wisely. Take prescription and nonprescription drugs only when needed and only in recommended doses. Don’t mix medications and alcohol. Talk to your doctor before mixing herbal supplements or prescription or nonprescription drugs.
  • Avoid contact with other people’s blood and body fluids. Hepatitis viruses can be spread by accidental needle sticks or improper cleanup of blood or body fluids.
  • Keep your food safe. Wash your hands thoroughly before eating or preparing foods. If traveling in a developing country, use bottled water to drink, wash your hands and brush your teeth.
  • Take care of aerosol sprays. Make sure to use these products in a well-ventilated area, and wear a mask when spraying insecticides, fungicides, paint, and other toxic chemicals. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Protect your skin. When using insecticides and other toxic chemicals, wear gloves, long sleeves, a hat, and a mask so that chemicals aren’t absorbed through your skin.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity can cause nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
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