Get knowledge of basic medical terms could be useful when communicating with the medical staff around you or understanding aspects of patient care.
Abrasion: An abrasion is a cut or a scrape. It is generally not a severe injury.
Abscess: When a doctor says that a person has an abscess, they refer to a collection of pus within a part of the body. The area is often red and inflamed, and several conditions can cause this. One of the most common types of an abscess is an abscessed tooth, which should be treated by a dental professional.
Analgesic: An analgesic refers to a type of medication. Analgesics are often available without prescriptions, and they work to treat pain, although they do not treat inflammation as ibuprofen does. A common form of analgesic is acetaminophen. Acetaminophen is the main ingredient in Tylenol.
Anemia: Anemia is a condition in which a person has low iron amounts in their blood.
Angina: Angina is a term that refers to a tightness or squeezing sensation in the chest. The angina symptoms are close to those of a heart attack, although it is not the same condition.
Anti-Inflammatory: “Anti-inflammatory” generally refers to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (or NSAIDs). They are available over the counter and work to reduce inflammation in the body to relieve pain. A popular NSAID is an ibuprofen.
Anti-Viral: An anti-viral drug is much different from antibiotic or anti-bacterial medications. These drugs are specifically designed to attack a virus.
Benign: “Benign” is often used in situations where a tumor was suspected to be cancerous. Benign means that the tumor or mass is non-cancerous.
Biopsy: A biopsy is a medical procedure that is performed to remove and test a small sample of tissue, skin, or other cells. It is often performed when cancer is suspected.
Blood Pressure: Blood pressure is the strength of blood pushing against your blood vessels as it flows through the body.
Body Mass Index (BMI): A person’s Body Mass Index, or BMI, is a way of determining how much a person should weigh. The BMI is calculated using a person’s height, gender, and weight to determine their ideal weight.
Calories: A calorie is a unit of energy; this term is most often used with food.
Catheter: A catheter is a tube inserted into the body for removing fluid, typically urine.
CAT (or CT) Scan: A medical test that takes pictures of the body’s inside.
Chronic: When a condition is chronic, it means that it is recurring and consistent.
Compression: Compression is a technique in which an injury is wrapped to reduce the amount of swelling.
Contusions: Contusions are another way of saying bumps and bruises.
Culture: A culture is a test performed on urine, saliva, or other body substances to determine if a particular virus or bacteria is present in the body.
Chief Complaint: A chief complaint is the patient’s main reason for visiting a doctor.
D&C (Dilation and Curettage): This procedure is performed in gynecology and consists of removing tissue or masses from the uterus.
Edema: This is a swelling caused by excessive fluid buildup in the body.
Embolism: An embolism is another way of saying “blood clot.”
Extremities: Extremities refer to a person’s arms and legs.
Febrile: The term “febrile” is used when a fever is involved.
Fracture: A fracture is a crack or breaks in a bone.
Hypertension: Hypertension is simply another way of saying high blood pressure.
ICU: ICU is an abbreviation that stands for the Intensive Care Unit. People in an ICU are in severe condition.
Inflammation: Inflammation is redness or swelling.
Influenza: Influenza is a virus that is most commonly called the flu.
Intravenous (IV): Intravenous means that something is inserted directly into a vein, rather than given orally.
IU (International Units): International units are measuring a medication instead of in milligrams.
Kilogram: This metric unit of measurement is often used to describe a person’s weight.
Lesion: A lesion is another way of saying an abnormal spot on tissue or skin.
Malignant: Malignant means cancerous.
Non-Invasive: This term is used to describe simple medical procedures, such as ultrasounds or X-rays, that do not require surgery.
NSAID: NSAIDs are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Obese: “Obese” means that a person has a body mass index that is much too high. Obese is the highest BMI category.
Over the Counter: Over-the-counter, or OTC, means that medication is available at any pharmacy without a prescription from a doctor.
Overweight: “Overweight” means that a person weighs more than someone of their height, age, and gender should weigh.
Placebo: A placebo is a pill that does not contain any active medications or ingredients.
Pneumonia: Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It has various causes and can be in either one or both lungs.
Polyp: A polyp is an abnormal growth that forms within an organ. Polyps are usually benign but are at risk for eventually becoming cancerous.
Serving Size: The serving size is the amount of food intended to be eaten in one sitting. Nutrition information and labels are based on eating this amount. Eating more than one serving size affects the number of calories that are consumed in total.
Susceptible: “Susceptible” means that a person is more at risk for getting a disease, infection, or virus.
Sutures: Sutures are stitches.
Terminal: “Terminal” means that something is incurable or fatal.
Tonsillectomy: A tonsillectomy is performed to remove the tonsils when chronic tonsil inflammation is a problem.
Topical: “Topical” means that a medication or cream can be applied only on the skin or the wound and not to be ingested.
Vertigo: “Vertigo” is another word for dizziness or light-headedness.
Urinalysis: “Urinalysis” means the analysis of urine by physical, chemical, and microscopical means to test for the disease, drugs, Etc.
Source : wikipedia