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Chronic Leukemia Treatment treatments abroad
Leukemia can be defined as a malignant disease of the blood and bone marrow and is associated with abnormalities in the development and functioning of blood cells. Some leukemia types affect children more often while other are only found in adults. Leukemia can be divided into two subcategories according to the blood cell type: chronic and acute leukemia. Chronic leukemia can be myelogenous or lymphocytic. The main difference between acute and chronic leukemia is that in chronic leukemia, the malignant cells come from mature, abnormal cells. As these cells thrive for too long, they tend to grow slowly. Acute leukemia develops from early cells, defined as "blasts". Blasts are young cells that divide frequently, which means that the disease gets worse at a faster rate.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia, also called CML or chronic granulocytic leukemia CGL, is a disease in which the bone marrow makes too many white blood cells, (predominantly myeloid cells) and these cells end up accumulating in the blood. This type of leukemia progresses slowly and usually occurs during or after middle age, and rarely occurs before. Lymphocytic leukemia or B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), or chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL), is the most common type of leukemia (a type of cancer of the white blood cells) in adults.
This leukemia starts in B lymphocytes, which originate in the bone marrow and then develop in the lymph nodes. As this kind of disease typically grows slowly, the patient doesn't need to be treated right away. When treatment becomes necessary the different therapies include Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy, Monoclonal antibodies (a laboratory versions of antibodies thare designed to attach the surface of cancer cells, destroying them), Targeted Therapy (drugs aimed at attacking only the specific malignant cells and not the healthy ones) and Stem Cell Transplant.
This treatment allows doctors to use higher doses of chemotherapy, and after the chemo cycles are finished, the patient will receive a blood-forming stem cells transplant of in order to restore the bone marrow. These stem cells are obtained either from the blood (peripheral blood stem cell transplant, or PBSCT), from the bone marrow (for a bone marrow transplant, or BMT), or from umbilical cord blood.
Which Chronic Leukemia Treatments are available abroad?
Chronic leukemia is among the most common leukemia types, and there are several certified multi specialty hospitals all over the world that specialize in oncology treatments for this kind of pathology. Chemotherapy hospitals abroad Radiotherapy hospitals abroad Bone Marrow Transplant hospitals abroad,
Chronic leukemia treatment aims to cure or alleviate and manage symptoms of leukemia. Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood cells in the body. It usually begins in the bone marrow where an abnormality occurs in the white blood cells. Normal blood cells form, divide, and die to make room for new cells. Leukemia disrupts this process and prevents the blood cells from functioning properly. There are 2 different categories of leukemia, which are acute leukemia and chronic leukemia. These 2 categories are characterized by the speed in which they develop. Acute leukemia develops quite rapidly, with cells that are not fully formed, quickly multiplying and unable to perform their normal function.
Chronic leukemia can occur either when there are not enough or there are too many cells produced. The blood cells develop more slowly than with acute leukemia, meaning that the cells may be able to perform some of their function, which causes few symptoms. While patients with chronic leukemia experience fewer symptoms than acute leukemia, symptoms may still be present. The symptoms can include pain in the joints or bones, fever, night sweats, fatigue, easily bruised, swollen lymph nodes, and inflamed liver or spleen. Leukemia is diagnosed by taking blood samples to examine for the presence of abnormal blood cells. In some cases a bone marrow biopsy may be taken. This is usually extracted from the hip and the patient will be given a local anesthetic to ease any pain and discomfort.
There are 2 main types of chronic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). These 2 types of leukemia are more common in adults than in children. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia occurs when abnormal lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cells, are produced and multiply. Rather than dying, these cells multiply and create complications, as there may not be enough space for new cells to grow. Chronic myelogenous leukemia occurs when there is an abnormality in the blood cells.
A myeloid cell starts off as an immature cell and once it matures, it becomes a red blood cell, white blood cell, or a platelet. Most patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia have a problem with the chromosomes in the cell, whereby what is known as the Philadelphia chromosome, causes the cell to produce too much protein, thus encouraging the cells to multiply and grow out of control. Chronic leukemia develops slowly and generally cannot be cured, however, it can be treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, drug therapy, and biological therapy to help manage the symptoms and go into remission.
Recommended for Chronic Leukemia Time requirements Number of days in hospital 1 . After receiving chemotherapy or radiotherapy, the patient will usually leave the hospital on the same day. Average length of stay abroad The amount of time abroad will depend on how many chemotherapy or radiotherapy cycles are required. Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood cells in the body.
Before undergoing any treatment, the doctor will conduct a physical exam, take blood samples, and may take a bone marrow sample. Once the patient has been diagnosed, the doctor will determine the stage of the cancer and will check to see if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Patients with complex conditions may benefit from seeking a second opinion before beginning a treatment plan.
A second opinion means that another doctor, usually an expert with a lot of experience, will review the patient's medical history, symptoms, scans, test results, and other important information, in order to provide a diagnosis and treatment plan.
Chemotherapy involves using medication or drugs that contain chemicals, which is most commonly administered through a vein. The patient will need to undergo a number of chemotherapy treatments in order to help alleviate any symptoms and go into remission. Chemotherapy is administered in cycles over a number of days, with periods of rest in between cycles. The doctor will monitor the progress to observe any changes in the cells. Radiotherapy is another method of treatment that uses high-energy beams of radiation to target the cancer and stop the cells from growing.
The patient will lie on a table and a machine will rotate around them, aiming the beams of radiation at the targeted area. Depending on the patient, radiation may be directed all over the body, rather than limiting it to a specific area. Radiotherapy is performed over a number of weeks and is monitored by the doctor. Drug therapy involves administering the patient with specific drugs such as Arzerra and Gleevec, which can help to inhibit the overproduction of protein by the Philadelphia chromosome and control the cancer.
Biological therapy involves using drugs to encourage the immune system to attack the cancer cells and to help prevent the cells from growing. The body normally produces biological response modifiers (BRM's), which function to fight off infection in the body. This substance can be produced in a laboratory and used to treat leukemia. Chemotherapy is the main form of leukemia treatment.,