Proton Therapy or Proton Beam Therapy

Proton therapy is a relatively new treatment, and usually patients are required to travel to find a specialized center. There are centers located around the world, and you can contact the Mozocare Care Team if you wish to find the best option for you. Before proton therapy, the case must be examined by a specialist to determine if the patient is a suitable candidate for treatment. The treatment is only recommended for cancers which have not spread to other areas of the body, as the proton therapy can only target tumors which are contained in one area. In order to prepare, patients may be advised to send their previous medical reports and scans so that the specialist can assess them. In some cases, the specialist will want to see the patient, and perform an up-to-date cancer staging., Proton therapy is performed in a specialized, purpose-built theater. Before the treatment begins, the patient will undergo an MRI scan or CT scan to check the position of the tumor. Depending on the type of cancer and the area being targeted, the specialist may apply a device to prevent the patient from moving. Once the patient is in position, the specialist will leave the room so that the proton beam therapy can begin. The proton beams are delivered in such a way to target the tumor, layer by layer, to a minute level of detail. Depending on the size and position of the tumor, this should last around 15 minutes. In this time, the team will be able to communicate with you via a sound and video link-up. Anesthesia No anesthesia is required, and the patient should not feel pain during the treatment. Procedure duration The Proton Therapy takes 15 to 30 minutes. 

Particle therapy facilities in clinical operation (last update: July 2020)

COUNTRY
WHO, WHERE
PARTICLE
S/C/SC* MAX. ENERGY (MeV)
BEAM DIRECTIONS
START OF TREATMENT
Austria
p
S 253
2 horiz., 1 vertical fixed beam**, 1 gantry** (under construction)
2016
Austria
C-ion
S 403/u
2 horiz. and 1 verticalfixed beam**
2019
China
WPTC, Wanjie, Zi-Bo
p
C 230
2 gantries, 1 fixed beam
2004
China
p
S 250
3 fixed beams**
2014
China
C-ion
S 430/u
3 fixed beams**
2014
China
Heavy Ion Cancer Treatment Center, Wuwei, Gansu
C-ion
S 400/u
4 fixed beams**
2019
Czech  Republic
p
C 230
3 gantries**, 1 fixed beam
2012
Denmark
p
C 250
3 gantries**, 1 horiz. fixed beam**
2019
England
p
C 62
1 fixed beam
1989
England
p
C 230
1 gantry**
2018
England
p
C 250
3 gantries**
2018
England
p
C 230
1 gantry**
2019
England
p
C 230
1 gantry**
2019
France
p
C65, SC 235
1 fixed beam, 1 gantry**
1991, 2016
France
p
SC 230
1 gantry**, 2 fixed beams
1991, 2014
France
p
SC 230
1 gantry**
2018
Germany
p
C 250
1 fixed beam
1998
Germany
p
C 250
4 gantries**, 1 fixed beam
2009
Germany
p
S 250
2 fixed beams, 1 gantry**
2009, 2012
Germany
C-ion
S 430/u
2 fixed beams, 1 gantry**
2009, 2012
Germany
p
C 230
4 gantries***, 1 fixed beam
2013
Germany UPTD, Dresden p  C 230 1 gantry*** 2014
Germany
p
S 250
3 horiz., 1 45deg. fixed beams**
2015
Germany
C-ion
S 430/u
3 horiz., 1 45deg. fixed beams**
2015
India
p
C 230
2 gantries, 1 fixed beam**
2019
Italy
p
C 60
1 fixe beam
2002
Italy
p
S 250
3 horiz., 1 vertical, fixed beams
2011
Italy
C-ion
S 480/u
3 horiz., 1 vertical, fixed beams
2012
Italy
p
C 230
2 gantries**, 1 fixed beams
2014
Japan
C-ion
S 800/u
horiz.***, vertical***, fixed beams, 1 gantry
1994, 2017
Japan
p
C 235
2 gantries***
1998
Japan
p
S 230
1 gantry
2001
Japan HIBMC, Hyogo
C-ion
S 320/u
horiz.,vertical,  fixed beams
2002
Japan PMRC 2, Tsukuba
p
S 250
2 gantries***
2001
Japan Shizuoka Cancer Center
p
S 235
3 gantries, 1 fixed beam
2003
Japan STPTC, Koriyama-City
p
S 235
2 gantries**, 1 fixed beam
2008
Japan
C-ion
S 400/u
3 horiz., 1 vertical, fixed beams
2010
Japan MPTRC, Ibusuki
p
S 250
3 gantries***
2011
Japan Fukui Prefectural Hospital PTC, Fukui City
p
S 235
2 gantries***, 1  fixed beam
2011
Japan Nagoya PTC, Nagoya City, Aichi
p
S 250
2 gantries***, 1 fixed beam
2013
Japan SAGA-HIMAT, Tosu
C-ion
S 400/u
3 horiz., vertical, 45 deg., fixed beams
2013
Japan Hokkaido Univ. Hospital PBTC, Hokkaido
p
S 220
1 gantry
2014
Japan Aizawa Hospital PTC, Nagano
p
C 235
1 gantry
2014
Japan i-Rock Kanagawa Cancer Center, Yokohama
C-ion
S 430/u
4 horiz., 2 vertical, fixed beams
2015
Japan Tsuyama Chuo Hospital, Okayama
p
S 235
1 gantry
2016
Japan Hakuhokai Group Osaka PT Clinic, Osaka
p
S 235
1 gantry
2017
Japan Kobe Proton Center, Kobe
p
S 235
1 gantry
2017
Japan Narita Memorial Proton Center, Toyohgashi
p
C 230
1 gantry**
2018
Japan Osaka Heavy Ion Therapy Center, Osaka
C-ion
S 430/u
3  fixed beams, 6 ports**
2018
Japan Hokkaido Ohno Memorial Hospital, Sapporo
p
C 235
1 gantry**
2018
Japan Nagamori Memorial Center of Innovative Cancer Therapy and Research, Kyoto
p
S 220
2  gantries**
2019
Poland IFJ PAN, Krakow
p
C 230
1 fixed beam, 2 gantries
2011, 2016
Russia
p
S 250
1 fixed beam
1969
Russia
p
C 200****
1 fixed beam
1999
Russia
p
C 250
2  gantries**
2018
Russia
p
S 250
1 fixed beam
2016
Russia
p
C 230
4 gantries**
2019
South Korea KNCC, IIsan
p
C 230
2 gantrie, 1 horiz. fixed beam
2007
South Korea Samsung PTC, Seoul
p
C 230
2 gantries
2015
Spain
p
SC 230
1 gantry**
2019
Spain
p
S 220
1 gantry**
2020
Sweden
p
C 230
2 gantries**
2015
Switzerland
p
C 250
3 gantries**, 1 horiz. fixed beam
1984, 1996, 2013, 2018
Taiwan
p
C 230
4 gantries**, 1 fixed beam exp.
2015
The Netherlands
p
C 230
2 gantries***
2018
The Netherlands
p
C 250
2 gantries**, 1 horiz. fixed beam**
2018
The Netherlands
p
SC 250
1 gantry**
2019
USA, CA.
p
S 250
3 gantries, 1 horiz. fixed beam
1990
USA, CA.
p
C 60
1 horiz. fixed beam
1994
USA, MA.
p
C 235
2 gantries***, 1 horiz. fixed beam
2001
USA, TX. MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston
p
S 250
3 gantries***, 1 horiz. fixed beam
2006
USA, FL. UFHPTI, Jacksonville
p
C 230
3 gantries***, 1 fixed beam
2006
USA, OK. Oklahoma Proton Center, Oklahoma City
p
C 230
1 gantry, 3 fixed beams
2009
USA, PA. Roberts PTC,UPenn, Philadelphia
p
C 230
4 gantries***, 1 horiz. fixed beam
2010
USA, IL. Chicago Proton Center, Warrenville
p
C 230
1 gantry**, 3 fixed beams
2010
USA, VA. HUPTI, Hampton
p
C 230
4 gantries, 1horiz. fixed beam
2010
USA, NJ. ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Somerset
p
C 230
4 gantries***
2012
USA, WA. SCCA ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Seattle
p
C 230
4 gantries***
2013
USA, MO. S. Lee Kling PTC, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St. Louis
p
SC 250
1 gantry
2013
USA, TN. ProVision Cancer Cares Proton Therapy Center, Knoxville
p
C 230
3 gantries**
2014
USA, CA. California Protons Cancer Therapy Center, San Diego
p
C 250
3 gantries**, 2 horiz. fixed beams**
2014
USA, LA. Willis Knighton Proton Therapy Cancer Center, Shreveport
p
C 230
1 gantry**
2014
USA, FL. Ackerman Cancer Center, Jacksonville
p
SC 250
1 gantry
2015
USA, MN. Mayo Clinic Proton Beam Therapy Center, Rochester
p
S 220
4 gantries**
2015
USA, NJ. Laurie Proton Center of Robert Wood Johnson Univ. Hospital, New Brunswick
p
SC 250
1 gantry
2015
USA, TX. Texas Center for Proton Therapy, Irving
p
C 230
2 gantries**, 1 horiz. fixed beam
2015
USA, TN. St. Jude Red Frog Events Proton Therapy Center, Memphis
p
S 220
2 gantries**, 1 horiz. fixed beam
2015
USA, AZ. Mayo Clinic Proton Therapy Center, Phoenix
p
S 220
4 gantries**
2016
USA, MD. Maryland Proton Treatment Center, Baltimore
p
C 250
4 gantries**, 1 horiz. fixed beam**
2016
USA, FL. Orlando Health PTC, Orlando
p
SC 250
1 gantry
2016
USA, OH. UH Sideman CC, Cleveland
p
SC 250
1 gantry
2016
USA, OH. Cincinnati Children’s Proton Therapy Center, Cincinnati
p
C 250
3 gantries**
2016
USA, MI. Beaumont Health Proton Therapy Center, Detroit
p
C 230
1 gantry**
2017
USA, FL. Baptist Hospital’s Cancer Institute PTC, Miami
p
C 230
3 gantries**
2017
USA, DC. MedStar Georgetown University Hospital PTC, Washington DC
p
SC 250
1 gantry**
2018
USA, TN. Provision CARES Proton Therrapy Center, Nashville
p
C 230
2 gantries**
2018
USA, GA. Emory Proton Therapy Center, Atlanta
p
C 250
3 gantries**, 2 horiz. fixed beams**
2018
USA, OK. Stephensen Cancer Center, Oklahoma
p
SC 250
1 gantry**
2019
USA, MI. McLaren PTC, Flint
p
S 250/330
3 gantries**
2019
USA, NY. The New York Proton Center, East Harlem, New York
p
C 250
3 gantries**, 1 horiz. fixed beam**
2019
USA, DC. Johns Hopkins National Proton Center, Washington
p
S 250
3 gantries**,1 horiz. fixed beam*
2019
USA, FL. South Florida Proton Institute, SFPTI, Delray Beach
p
C 250
1 gantry**
2019
USA, FL. UFHPTI, Jacksonville
p
C 230
1 gantry**
2019
USA, VA. Inova Mather PT Cancer Center, Fairfax
p
C 230
2 gantries**
2020
* S/C/SC = Synchrotron (S) or Cyclotron (C) or SynchroCyclotron (SC)
** with pencil beam scanning
*** with spread beam and pencil beam scanning
**** degraded beam
Source: https://www.ptcog.ch/index.php/facilities-in-operation
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